On this page
- What is the Superannuation Guarantee?
- What is the current Superannuation Guarantee rate?
- Am I eligible for SG contributions?
- How is my SG contribution calculated?
- Is there a limit on the SG contribution I can receive?
- What happens if I have several jobs?
- How are SG contributions taxed?
- Watch your annual contributions limit
As employees, most of us see our employer’s Superannuation Guarantee (SG) contributions in our super account and rarely give it much thought.
To help you understand these contributions a little better, read SuperGuide’s simple explanation of the SG and what it means for your retirement savings.
What is the Superannuation Guarantee?
The most common type of contribution regularly going into your super account is likely to be the Superannuation Guarantee – or SG for short – which is the contribution your employer (whether large or small) is required to make into a super fund on your behalf.
The SG is part of the remuneration you receive from your employer. The amount is a percentage of your gross salary or wages. The percentage is set by the Australian Government and changes over time.
What is the current Superannuation Guarantee rate?
The percentage rate for Superannuation Guarantee contribution payments by your employer is currently 11%.
The SG percentage rate is scheduled to increase by 0.5% every year until it reaches 12% from 1 July 2025.
You can see past and future SG rates in the table below.
Superannuation Guarantee rate (2002 to 2026 and beyond)
|Period||Super guarantee rate|
|1 July 2002 – 30 June 2013||9.00%|
|1 July 2013 – 30 June 2014||9.25%|
|1 July 2014 – 30 June 2021||9.50%|
|1 July 2021 – 30 June 2022||10.00%|
|1 July 2022 – 30 June 2023||10.50%|
|1 July 2023 – 30 June 2024||11.00%|
|1 July 2024 – 30 June 2025||11.50%|
|1 July 2025 – 30 June 2026 and onwards||12.00%|
If your employer doesn’t pay the required rate of SG into your super account by the quarterly due date, they may have to pay a Superannuation Guarantee Charge (SGC) to the ATO. The SGC includes all the SG amounts owing to their employees, plus interest and an administration fee.
Employers who don’t pay the SG into the correct super fund by the due date must report and rectify the missed payment by lodging an SG Statement and paying the SGC.
Am I eligible for SG contributions?
Your employer is required to make quarterly SG contributions to your super fund if you are an eligible employee, regardless of how much you are paid. The SG contribution amount is calculated using your ordinary time earnings (see section below).
You are eligible for SG payments whether you are a full-time, part-time or casual employee.
Employees aged under 18, or those classified as a private or domestic worker (like a nanny), must work for their employer more than 30 hours per week to qualify for SG payments.
Employees who are a company director, a family member working in a business, or employees who are receiving super pension, annuity or transition-to-retirement payments are also eligible for SG payments.
If you are self-employed as a sole trader or in a partnership, you are not required to pay SG for yourself.
Temporary residents are also entitled to receive SG payments into their super account.
Your employer is not required to make SG contributions if you are a non-Australian resident and are paid to do work outside Australia, are an Australian resident but paid by a non-resident employer for work done outside the country, a senior foreign executive on certain visas, or temporarily working in Australia for an overseas employer and are covered by super provisions in a bilateral social security agreement.
If you want to check whether you are entitled to SG contributions from your employer, you can use the ATO’s Am I entitled to super? online tool. It asks questions about your working arrangement to help you determine whether you are entitled to super from your employer.
How is my SG contribution calculated?
In 2023–24, the SG contribution rate is 11% of your ordinary time earnings (OTE) and is paid on top of your wages or salary.
Your OTE is usually the amount you earn for your ordinary hours of work and includes commissions, shift loadings and allowances, bonuses, and any over-award payments. It does not include any overtime payments. For more detailed information about what payments are included in OTE, see the ATO’s website.
Awards and agreements
|Payment type||Salary or wages||Ordinary time earnings (OTE)|
|Overtime hours: Award stipulates ordinary hours to be worked and employee works additional hours for which they are paid overtime rates||Yes||No|
|Overtime hours: Agreement prevails over award||Yes||No|
|Agreement supplanting award removes distinction between ordinary hours and other hours||Yes: All hours worked||Yes: All hours worked|
|No ordinary hours of work stipulated||Yes: All hours worked||Yes: All hours worked|
|Casual employee: Shift loadings||Yes||Yes|
|Casual employee: Overtime payments||Yes||No|
|Casual employee whose hours are paid at overtime rates due to a ‘bandwidth’ clause||Yes||No|
|Piece-rates: No ordinary hours of work stipulated||Yes||Yes|
|Overtime component of earnings based on hourly-driving-rate method stipulated in award||Yes||No|
Source: ATO checklist of salary/wages and OTE
To check you are being paid the right amount of SG, the ATO also has an online tool you can use. You simply enter the time period you want to check plus your OTE for each quarter in that period. The tool then calculates how much super your employer should have paid into your super account.
For employees with non-standard employment arrangements, this area can be quite complex. If you fall into this category, it can be worth checking with the ATO on 13 10 20 or using the ATO’s information checklist if you think your employer is not paying the right amount of SG based on various wage or salary payments you receive.
Is there a limit on the SG contribution I can receive?
SG is paid on your OTE up to a limit called the maximum super contribution base (MSCB). If you earn above that amount in a particular quarter, your employer does not have to make SG contributions for the part of your earnings over the limit.
The MSCB for 2023–24 is $62,270 per quarter ($249,080 per year), which equals a maximum SG contribution by your employer of $6,849.70 per quarter ($27,398.80 per year).
What happens if I have several jobs?
If you have multiple employers you can apply to opt out of receiving SG contributions from some of your employers so you don’t unintentionally go over the annual concessional (before-tax) contributions cap or limit ($27,500 in 2023–24).
To be eligible to opt out, you must have more than one employer and expect the total of all your employers’ mandated concessional contributions to exceed your concessional cap for the financial year.
Employees in this situation can submit a Super Guarantee opt out for high income earners with multiple employers form to the ATO. You then receive an SG employer shortfall exemption certificate to give to one or more of your employers to release them from their SG obligation for up to four quarters within a financial year. This means they will not be liable for the Super Guarantee Charge (SGC) if they do not make SG contributions for you in the quarters covered by the shortfall exemption certificate.
Your employer can’t apply for an exemption on your behalf and you must receive SG contributions from at least one of your employers each quarter. It’s important to note your application must be lodged at least 60 days before the start of the next quarter.
How are SG contributions taxed?
SG contributions going into your super account receive a concessional tax treatment because they are made from money that has not been taxed, so they are before tax. That’s why SG contributions are classed as concessional (before-tax) contributions.
Once concessional contributions enter your super account, they are taxed at the special low rate of 15%. For many people the tax on concessional contributions is lower than the marginal tax rate they pay on their normal income.
Watch your annual contributions limit
As there are tax benefits to holding retirement savings in your super account, the government imposes strict annual caps on concessional (before-tax) contributions like SG contributions.
The annual concessional contributions cap is indexed in line with average weekly ordinary time earnings (AWOTE) in increments of $2,500 (rounded down). The annual concessional contributions cap for 202–24 is $27,500.
If you go over your cap amount, you must pay extra tax. The cap applies to the total contributed to all your super accounts across different super funds.
When monitoring your concessional contributions like the SG for the financial year, remember super contributions are not counted when the payment is sent by your employer, they only count once the payment is received by your super fund.
If you have a salary-sacrifice arrangement with your employer, remember that your salary sacrifice may not arrive in your fund in the same financial year it was deducted from your pay. Check the transactions in your super account to see when amounts generally arrive and track your contributions carefully if you are close to the cap.