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While it’s generally true that the money you have invested in super is locked away until you retire, there is some wiggle room in the rules to show compassion.
You may be able to access your super early on compassionate grounds provided you meet strict eligibility conditions and your super fund allows it. If it doesn’t, you may be able to transfer your super to one that does.
Normally you can only access your super once you’ve reached your preservation age and met a condition of release (such as retiring from the workforce or turning 65). Your preservation age is between 55 and 60, depending on your date of birth.
However, these super release conditions can be waived by the Australian Taxation Office (ATO) on compassionate grounds.
Previously, compassionate grounds claims were assessed by the Department of Human Services (DHS), but this responsibility was transferred to the ATO from 1 July 2018. The DHS reported that in 2017/2018 they received 39,662 applications for early release of super on compassionate grounds, and 24,073 applications were approved either in part or in full. The total amount approved was $343.9 million (an average of approximately $14,000 for each approved application).
What is covered under ‘compassionate grounds’?
Compassionate grounds can include any of the following:
Paying for your own medical treatment or transport (or for the treatment/transport of one of your dependants, e.g. a spouse or child)
The medical treatment can’t be readily available through the public health system. The associated medical condition must also be life threatening, or it must generate acute/chronic pain or mental illness.
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Note: A common question is whether you can access your super early to cover weight loss surgery (or bariatric surgery or gastric sleeve surgery). We recommend that you check this with the ATO, or your super fund may be able to assist.
Making a mortgage or council rates payment to prevent you from losing your home
The property must be your principal place of residence and you must be legally responsible for the payments. You can’t make the payments on behalf of a dependant who is responsible for them.
You can also only access the amount necessary to prevent your home from being repossessed, up to the following limit within any 12-month period:
- Three months of repayments plus 12 months of loan interest.
Expenses to accommodate yourself or a dependant with a severe disability
Eligible expenses are any of the following:
- Payments to modify your home or car
- The purchase of a modified car
- The purchase of disability aids
Paying for the palliative care of yourself or a dependent
Eligible expenses are any of the following:
- Accommodation costs in a hospice
- Palliative care service provider costs
- Palliative care management costs
Paying for the death, funeral or burial expenses of a dependant
The amount of super you can access early on compassionate grounds is limited to what you reasonably need to help you pay any of these expenses.
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There are restrictions though. You can’t use early release super funds to pay for venue hire or catering associated with the death.
Also, you must also have no other way to pay for the expense other than using your super. For example, if you aren’t eligible for a loan and you don’t have any savings to pay for them.
Note: Super funds released early can only be used to pay any of these expenses if they are unpaid. They can’t be used to reimburse you after you’ve already paid the expenses, even if you’ve borrowed from family members or friends to pay them.
You must also be a citizen or permanent resident of either Australia or New Zealand to access your super early on compassionate grounds.
Other reasons for the early release of super
You can find all the ways that you can access your super here, or continue reading for other conditions of release that are often confused with ‘compassionate grounds’.
Severe financial hardship
‘Compassionate grounds’ for accessing super early is different from ‘severe financial hardship’ (which is another potential way that super can be accessed early under Australian law). It’s important to understand the difference between these two categories because there are different terms and conditions for access.
The severe financial hardship provision for early super release generally only applies to people who have received government welfare payments for 26 consecutive weeks (from the Department of Human Services) and who can’t meet their ‘reasonable and immediate family living expenses’.
However, as a temporary measure people suffering severe financial hardship due to the coronavirus may be able to access up to $10,000 of their super in 2019/20 and up to a further $10,000 in 2020/21.
Terminal medical condition
A person diagnosed with a terminal medical condition can also access their super early under Australian law. However, a person in this category can access ALL their super, not just part of it as is the case under the ‘compassionate grounds’ provision.
Temporary or permanent incapacity
A person who is diagnosed as temporarily or permanently incapacitated can be eligible for insurance benefits through their super fund if they have this coverage.
In the case of temporary incapacity, payments can be made while you’re unable to work. If you’re permanently incapacitated, you can receive your super either as a lump sum or a regular stream of payments.
How do you apply for early super release on compassionate grounds?
You can apply online to the ATO, but it’s best to check first with your super fund to see if they allow early release. If they don’t, you might consider transferring to a fund that does.
If the ATO approves your application for early release, you and your super fund will be notified and provided with an approval letter.
The approved amount can then be released early by your super fund to cover your eligible unpaid expenses. You should keep your payment receipts as evidence that you’ve used the early release funds appropriately.
You’ll be required to provide the following evidence to the ATO along with your application for early super release.
For medical treatment/transport
You must provide two reports for medical treatment/transport costs: either from two registered medical specialists or one report can be from a registered medical specialist and the other from a registered medical practitioner.
Unpaid invoices or quotes for any necessary treatment/transport must also be provided as part of your application.
For making mortgage or council rates payments to prevent home repossession
You must provide a letter from your lender or council that states that the home is under threat of repossession and the payment that needs to be made to prevent this from happening.
For accommodating a severe disability
You must provide one report from a registered medical practitioner or specialist verifying the disability. Unpaid invoices or quotes for any necessary expenses to cater for the disability must also be supplied.
For palliative care
You must provide a report from a registered medical practitioner or specialist verifying that you (or one of your dependants) has less than 24 months to live and requires palliative care.
Unpaid invoices or quotes for any necessary care expenses must also be included with your application.
For death, funeral or burial expenses
You must provide either your dependant’s death certificate or a letter verifying their death from their medical practitioner or funeral provider. Unpaid invoices or quotes for any death, funeral or burial expenses must also be provided.
Do the rules differ if you’re in an SMSF?
No. SMSFs must follow the ATO application procedures outlined above to gain approval to release member funds early on compassionate grounds.
The ATO can impose severe penalties on SMSF trustees for the illegal and/or unauthorised early release of super funds. These penalties can include very heavy fines (up to $420,000 for individual trustees and up to $1.1 million for corporate trustees), and/or up to five years imprisonment.
What are the tax implications?
If you’re approved to access some of your super early on compassionate grounds, the amount is paid and taxed as a lump sum. If you’re aged under 60, the amount will be taxed between 17% and 22%.
The actual rate of tax will depend on whether your early withdrawal is a lump sum or an income stream, and whether it’s made up of taxable and non-taxable components.
However, if you’re over 60, the early super funds you receive will be tax-free.
It’s important to understand that any early super payments you receive will usually count towards your taxable income in the year they’re received. This can also affect your eligibility for government welfare payments.
John is 51 years old and applies to withdraw $15,000 of his super early on compassionate grounds. The ATO approves his application and the $15,000 payment he receives from his super fund consists of a taxable component of $10,000 and a non-taxable component of $5,000.
John must include the $10,000 taxable component in his taxable income on his tax return for that financial year. He’ll be taxed either at his marginal rate or 22%, whichever is lower.
John won’t pay any tax on the $5,000 non-taxable component.
The ability to access your super on compassionate grounds is an important safety net. That said, do remember that your super is designed to fund your retirement, so any early withdrawal now will impact the amount you’ll have in retirement. You’ll lose the power of compound interest on the withdrawn funds. That power can be substantial over time.
It’s worth seeking independent professional advice about whether an early release of your superannuation is appropriate for your individual circumstances. In some cases, there may be other sources of funds that could be accessed first.
The information contained in this article is general in nature.