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Superannuation can affect the Age Pension in different ways, depending on whether you or your partner have reached Age Pension age, and what you do with any super payments you access.
How the Age Pension is assessed
For a detailed explanation of how the Age Pension is assessed, see SuperGuide article Case studies: How is the Age Pension assessed? We’ve also provided a quick overview below.
You are not eligible for the Age Pension until you reach Age Pension age which depends on your date of birth. The current eligibility age is 66 years, but this age is progressively increasing until it reaches the age of 67 on July 1, 2023.
You also need to satisfy Australian residency requirements and pass both the assets and income tests. The assets test looks at your assets (not including your home) and the income test looks at your income. There are quirks with each test and you can learn more about each one at the links below.
The results of both tests dictate the amount of Age Pension you are eligible for. The more assets or income you have, the less Age Pension you receive. You need to pass both tests but you receive the lower amount from both tests. For example if the assets tests says you are eligible for $500 per fortnight, and the income test says you are eligible for $400 per fortnight, the rate from the income test ($400 per fortnight) will apply.
Super and the Age Pension
It’s important to note that when you reach Age Pension age your super will count to both the assets and income tests.
The balance of your latest super statement is included in the Age Pension assets test.
In addition, deemed income from your super balance is included in your income test calculations even if you have not started a pension or income stream. This means that you’ll be assumed to be earning a certain rate of return on your super pension account balance (i.e. the deeming rate), regardless of whether your account is actually earning a higher or lower rate.
Note: If you were claiming the Age Pension and started a super income stream before 1 January 2015 then deemed income from your super balance is not included in the income test.
Deeming is also applied to your income from all other financial assets as part of the Age Pension income test.
From 1 July 2019 changes to the means test treatment of lifetime annuities for the purposes of determining Age Pension entitlements come into force. The changes will be grandfathered so that the new means test rules will only apply to lifetime annuities bought from 1 July. Learn more in the SuperGuide article Means test treatment of lifetime annuities from 1 July 2019.
Accessing your super
Your superannuation preservation age is between the ages of 55 and 60, depending on your date of birth. It shouldn’t be confused with your Age Pension eligibility age. You can discover your Age Pension and Preservation age with our Retirement Age Reckoner.
If you can’t access your super after you reach your Age Pension age, you can apply to Centrelink to potentially have your super exempted from both the asset and income tests.
Couples with a partner below Age Pension age
For a couple with a younger partner that is below Age Pension age, the younger partner’s super won’t be counted in their asset and income tests unless they have started receiving a super pension, income stream or annuity that commenced after 1 January 2015. Super pension income streams are available tax-free to anyone in Australia who is over the age of 60 and who meet a super condition of release.
The value of the younger partner’s assets is included in the older partner’s assets test and their income is also included in their income test, even though they won’t be receiving the Age Pension,
There are higher thresholds in both tests to cater for couples. If one member of a couple receives the Age Pension they receive one amount of the Couple rate, not the Single rate.
Once the younger partner reaches Age Pension age their super will be counted to both assets and income tests, even if they haven’t started to take a super income stream, but the younger partner can then also apply for the Age Pension themselves.
Edna is under the Age Pension eligibility age, but her partner Les has reached it. Neither of them have started a super pension.
Les’ super will be included in their combined assets test, but not Edna’s (though her other assets would be). Les’ deemed super income would also be included in their income test.
When Edna reaches her Age Pension eligibility age, her super balance will be counted in their combined assets test. Her deemed income would also be included in their income test.
Laura is under the Age Pension eligibility age, but her partner Jim has reached it.
Laura started a transition-to-retirement income stream last year.
Because she has done this, her super balance would be included in their assets test (along with Jim’s), and her deemed income would also be included in their income test (along with Jim’s).
What about lump sums from your super?
If you withdraw a super lump sum, the lump sum does not count as income for the income test, but what you do with those funds can affect your Age Pension. These funds could potentially be included in your asset and income tests.
For example, if you use your super funds to buy an income stream like a super pension or an annuity, the investment balances of those types of products will have the deeming rate applied to them for income test calculation purposes.
If you invest the funds in assets (other than your residential home), they’ll be included in your assets test. It’s important to remember that your residential home is not included in the Age Pension assets test.
Below are some other common examples of how lump sum super withdrawals are spent or invested.
Terry withdraws $50,000 from his super as a lump sum and uses it to pay off his mortgage so that he becomes debt-free.
This amount will not be included in his asset or income tests.
Michelle withdraws $100,000 from her super to buy shares.
This amount will be included in both her asset and income tests for the Age Pension. The value of the shares will be added to her assets for the assets test.
She will also be assumed to be earning the deeming rate when calculating the income she earns from the shares as part of the income test, regardless of whether the returns she receives are higher or lower than this amount.
Grant withdraws $20,000 as a lump sum from his super and puts the money in his bank account to help with day-to-day living expenses.
This amount will be added to the value of his assets on the assets test. He will also be assumed to be earning the deeming rate on these funds for income test calculation purposes.
For more information
Learn more about the Age Pension in the following SuperGuide articles:
- Retirement age calculator: When can you access your super or the Age Pension?
- How to maximise your Age Pension
- Case studies: How is the Age Pension assessed?
- Deeming rates for the Age Pension income test
- Age Pension calculator: How much could you be eligible for?
- How do I apply for the Australian Age Pension?
- Australian Age Pension rates (March 2019 to September 2019)
- How does the Age Pension work bonus work?
- Am I eligible for the Australian Age Pension?
- Age Pension income test rules (July to September 2019)
- Age Pension assets test rules (July to September 2019)
- What are the Age Pension residency requirements?