The Superannuation Guarantee rate remains at 9.5% for the 2018/2019 financial year, and for the 2019/2020 year (and also remained at 9.5% for the 2017/2018 financial year, and three earlier financial years).
Superannuation Guarantee contributions are compulsory employer superannuation contributions paid to eligible employees. Eligible employees have a special definition, which is explained immediately below the first table.
Based on revised laws, the Superannuation Guarantee (SG) rate will remain at 9.5% for another 3 years (until 30 June 2021), increasing to 10% from July 2021, and eventually increasing to 12% from July 2025 (see table below, and more comprehensive table later in the article). The Superannuation Guarantee rate first increased to 9.5% from 1 July 2014 (the 2014/2015 year).
|Financial year||Superannuation Guarantee Rate|
|2012 / 2013||9.0%|
|2013 / 2014||9.25%|
|2014 / 2015||9.5%|
|2015 / 2016||9.5%|
|2016 / 2017||9.5%|
|2017 / 2018||9.5%|
|2018 / 2019||9.5%|
|2019 / 2020||9.5%|
|2020 / 2021||9.5%|
|2021 / 2022||10.0%|
|2022 / 2023||10.5%|
|2023 / 2024||11.0%|
|2024 / 2025||11.5%|
|2025 / 2026||12.0%|
What are Superannuation Guarantee contributions?
Superannuation Guarantee is the official term for compulsory superannuation contributions made by employers on behalf of eligible employees. An employer, regardless of whether they are a small or large business, must contribute the equivalent of 9.5% of an employee’s ordinary time earnings for the 2018/2019 year (as was the case for the 2017/2018 year, the 2016/2017 year, the 2015/2016 year, and 2014/2015 year). (The SG rate was 9.25% for the 2013/2014 year). For more information on how the SG rules works, including who is eligible, see SuperGuide article Superannuation and employees: 10 facts about your super entitlements.
Note: If your employer fails to pay the required rate of SG to your super fund by the quarterly due date, your employer may be subject to the Superannuation Guarantee Charge (SGC). The SGC is a penalty that your employer must pay to the ATO. The SGC includes the SG owing to an employee or employees, interest on the SG amounts owing, plus an administration fee. Your employer must lodge the SGC statement (if failed to pay SG, or was late paying SG) by the due date and pay the SGC to the ATO. The majority of this SGC will eventually make its way to your super account. For more information on employer responsibilities in terms of SG, see SuperGuide article Superannuation Guarantee: Step-by-step guide for employers, and for information on what happened to non-paying employers, see SuperGuide article Super for beginners, part 18: My employer hasn’t paid my SG. What can I do?
For more information about your SG entitlements, see the following SuperGuide articles:
- Superannuation and employees: 10 facts about your super entitlements
- Superannuation Guarantee: Step-by-step guide for employers
- Maximum SG employer contributions for 2018/2019 year (and previous years)
- Salary sacrifice and super: How does it work?
- Superannuation Guarantee: What hours does my employer have to pay super on?
- Salary sacrifice and super: How does it work?
When will the SG rate increase to 12%?
Background: Originally, the SG rate was set to increase to 12% by July 2019 under laws passed by the former ALP government. The increase to 12% was then pushed back to July 2020 by the new Liberal government, and then pushed back again to July 2022. In the 2014 Federal Budget, the Liberal government further delayed the SG increase by stretching the timeframe over 12 years. Due to negotiations with the Palmer United Party to get the Mineral Resource Rent Tax repealed, the timeframe has now stretched to 1 July 2025. Australian workers will receive 12% SG from 1 July 2025.
Note: In short, the SG rate will now remain at 9.5% until 30 June 2021, and will then increase to 10% from 1 July 2021, and then increase by 0.5% increments each year until it reaches 12% by 1 July 2025. See comprehensive table below for more specific information.
The Liberal government, in making a downward adjustment to how fast the SG rate will increase over time means that it will take 5 years longer for the SG rate to increase to 12% from the Liberals 2013 pre-election commitment, and 7 years longer than originally planned by the ALP.
Superannuation Guarantee rates
|Financial year||Current SG rates
|Old SG rates
|2012 / 2013 (starts 1 July 2012)||n/a||9.0%|
|2013 / 2014||n/a||9.25%|
|2014 / 2015 (starts 1 July 2014)||9.5%||9.5%|
|2015 / 2016||9.5%||10.0%|
|2016 / 2017||9.5%||10.5%|
|2017 / 2018||9.5%||11.0%|
|2018 / 2019||9.5%||11.5%|
|2019 / 2020 (starts 1 July 2019)||9.5%||12.0%|
|2020 / 2021||9.5%||12.0%|
|2021 / 2022 (starts 1 July 2021)||10.0%||12.0%|
|2022 / 2023||10.5%||12.0%|
|2023 / 2024||11.0%||12.0%|
|2024 / 2025||11.5%||12.0%|
|2025 / 2026 (starts 1 July 2025)||12.0%||12.0%|
Source: Adapted from explanatory memorandum for Mineral Resource Rent Tax Repeal and Other Measures Act 2014
More information on the delay to the SG rate increase
Background: In May 2010, employed Australians received a pleasant surprise when the then-federal treasurer, Mr Wayne Swan, announced that compulsory employer super contributions were set to jump from the current 9% of salary to 12% by July 2019, an eventual 33% increase in Superannuation Guarantee (SG) contributions. On 29 March 2012, the proposed increase in SG entitlements received Royal Assent and became law. The new Liberal government promised to continue the SG rate increase, but at a slower rate. The Liberal government introduced amendments to slow down the increase in the SG rate, and then in negotiations in parliament, further slowed down the SG increase.
The Liberal government promised in the 2014 Federal Budget that the SG rate increase will stall for 3 years (from 1 July 2015), rising to 10% from 1 July 2018. The SG rate would then increase by 0.5% each year until it reached 12% by July 2022. What the Liberal government has now enacted is that the SG rate stalled at 9.5% from 1 July 2015 for 7 years (until 30 June 2021), and then increases by 0.5% each year following until the SG rate reaches 12% from 1 July 2025.
Note: Under the former SG laws passed by the ALP government, the full 3% increase was to take effect from July 2019, while under the Liberal changes, the full 3% increase in SG rate will now take effect 6 years later, from the start of the 2025/2026 year.