You can make superannuation contributions up to the age of 74, and these can be concessional (before-tax) or non-concessional (after-tax) contributions. If you’re aged 65 or over, then you must satisfy a work test if you intend to make super contributions. Anyone under the age of 65 can make super contributions without having to satisfy a work test.
Note: From July 2013, your employer must make Superannuation Guarantee contributions for as long as you continue working and remain eligible for SG contributions (for example, earn a minimum of $450 a month), regardless of age. (For more information on this change to the SG rules, see SuperGuide article SG to be paid for over-70s from July 2013).
Here are ten tips to help you understand the super contribution rules for over-65s.
- Anyone aged 65 or over must satisfy a work test, before contributing. If you’re aged 65 or over (but under the age of 75), you can make super contributions if you’re at least gainfully employed on a part-time basis. In short, you must work for at least 40 hours in a period of not more than 30 consecutive days in the financial year in which you plan to make a super contribution. See Tip 6.
- People aged 75 or over cannot contribute to a super fund (although from July 2013, an employer must contribute Superannuation Guarantee contributions beyond the age of 75 and over, if the employee is eligible).
- If you intend to claim a tax deduction for concessional super contributions, you need assessable income, such as employment income, or business income, or net rental income, to justify the tax deduction.
- Tax-deductible super contributions and other concessional contributions are subject to 15% tax within a super fund, which means that claiming a tax deduction for super contributions may not be tax-effective if you pay less than 15 cents in the dollar tax on your personal income. Note: Since 1 July 2012, anyone earning more than $300,000 must pay 30% tax on concessional contributions paid into a super fund, doubling the super tax bill for high-income earners. The current contributions tax is a flat rate of 15%, and this applies to all concessional contributions made on behalf of individuals earnings less than $300,000.
- The key term in the work test (see Tip 2) is “gainfully employed”. Gainfully employed means employed or self-employed for gain or reward in any business, trade, profession, vocation, calling, occupation or employment. According to the Australian Prudential Regulation Authority’s circular on contributions, “gain or reward” involves remuneration such as “salary or wages, business income, bonuses, commissions, fees or gratuities, in return for personal exertion”.
- The work test can be satisfied when “employment” involves any endeavour where you receive remuneration for your efforts, including farming, babysitting, cleaning, lawnmowing, gardening, consulting and paid employment. You will need to confirm with the tax office whether your arrangements satisfy the work test rules.
- Volunteer work does not count towards the 40-hour work test.
- An individual only has to work 40 hours of gainful employment in one 30-day period to satisfy the work test for contributing in a financial year.
- Any income that you receive for this work must be fully documented and declared for tax purposes.
- When aged 65 or over, you cannot take advantage of the bring-forward rules when making non-concessional contributions, that is, after-tax contributions,. The bring-forward rules permit an individual to make contributions representing the current year’s cap, and the next two years’ cap, in a single year. For more information on the bring-forward rules see SuperGuide article Bring forward rule: 10 facts you should know.